India is mainly an agricultural country. Agriculture is the most important occupation for most of the Indian family. In India agriculture contributes about sixteen percent of total exports. It is principal source of livelihood for many households in rural India. The agricultural produce farms a major chunk in the list of exports.
Over 60% of India’s land area is arable making it the second largest country in terms of total arable land. India exports excess food and agricultural products. A large proportion of India’s export trade in based on the agricultural products such as Jute, Tea, Spices, Tobacco, Coffee and Sugar. India is ranked seventh in terms of agricultural exports. A large number of rural women are also engaged in agriculture.
Agricultural sector provides fodder for domestic animals. Cows provide people with milk which is a form of protective food. Moreover livestock also meets people’s food requirements. Bulks of agricultural products are transported by railways and roadways from farm to factories. Mostly internal trade is in agricultural products. Moreover the revenue of the government of a larger extent relies on the success of agricultural sector.
The government needs to focus on building the infrastructure of the rural sector such as connecting roads, market yards and godowns. These will help in saving a lot of overhead costs Indian markets needs be more open to the genetically modified crops and promote them. This will be helpful to get better yield and output. At, present it is only the genetically modified cotton which is sold in the Indian market. The government has come up many schemes to address the problems faced by farmers. The farmers need to focus on utilisation rather than exploitation of ground water resources. They must be encouraged to grow higher value commodities, especially in the areas which receive high rainfall. Crop diversification is another important point that can be taken into consideration. The focus must be on increasing the productivity of the land and irrigation.
Piped conveyance better off farm management of water use of better water management practices such as drip irrigation and rain water harvesting should be done. Entry of the private sector players in the domain of agriculture can do wonder for the farmer in India. The private players can help to capitalise and tap the crucial areas such as oil seeds and pulses. Besides they can be helpful in helping the farmers to realise the full potential of their crop and provide them with a competitive price for their yield. National Food Security Mission (NFSM) covers cluster demonstration of rice wheat pulses and coarse cereals distribution of hybrid seed varieties and soil management methods efficient water management and form mechanisation. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) focuses on providing quality seeds, products improvement techniques of Horticulture plant like fruits, vegetables, spices, dry fruits, flowers and plantation crops like bamboo and coconut.
At the last but not the least today, as more and more farmers will come together to pool up their resources the premium rates will automatically fall down.