“Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime” – Aristotle

According to the report presented by World Bank one out of every four person living in poverty is an Indian across the world. (Total estimated population of world is 1.6 billion in this report). India’s growth rate is increasing day by day but general improvement in the living standard of the people is missed in these policies. Various initiative have been taken by the government for the welfare of the poor people. Some of the poverty Alleviation programmes introduced by the government are: –

1.Jawahar Gramin Samridhi Yojna (JGSY)

Introduced – 1999

Cost Sharing Ratio – 75 (Central Govt.) : 25 (State Govt.)



  1. Productive assests generation
  2. Employment to poor

2.Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY)

Introduced – April 1, 1991

Cost Sharing – 75 (Central Govt.) : 25 (State Govt.)


  1. Mixing of goals of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
  2. Development of women and children in Rural areas
  3. Self Employment Scheme
  4. Providing Marketing Support

3.Employment Assurance Scheme

Introduced – October 2, 1993

Cost Sharing Ratio – 75 (Central Govt.) : 25 (State Govt.)


  1. Generating Wage Employment
  2. Ensuring Food Security
  3. Making Community, Social and economic assests.

4.National Social Assistances Programme

Introduced – August 15, 1995

Cost Sharing Ratio – 100 (Central Govt.) : 70 (State Govt.)


  1. Benefitting poor household
  2. Old Age People
  3. Maternity Care

Introduced – 2000-01

Cost Sharing – 100 % (Central Government)


5.Village development in five aspects

  1. Health
  2. Primary Education
  3. Drinking Water
  4. Housing
  5. Rural Road

Cost sharing – 2500 Crore full assistance by Central Government.

Other famous poverty eradicating schemes which are implemented by Government of India are as follows:

1.Pradhan Mantri Gramodya Yojna Gramin Awas


  1. On pattern of Indira Awas Yojna to develop habitat for rural poor people

Cost sharing – Budget allocation by Central Government

2.Improving the life style of the villagers

2.Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojna

Introduced – 25 December 2000


Providing road connecting to rural areas with population more than 1000 persons by the year 2003, 500 person by 2007 and monitoring them further.

3.Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojna

Introduced – December 1997

Cost Sharing – 75 (Central Govt.) : 25 (State Govt.)


  1. Eradicating Urban Poverty

4.Indira Awas Yojna

Introduced in various five year plans with amendments


  1. Providing house with better sanitation.

5.Samagra Awas Yojna

Introduced in 1999 – 2000 in 25 districts of 24 states and 1 UT (Union Territory)

Three fold objective

  1. Shelter
  2. Sanitation and
  3. Drinking Water
  1. Krushi Shramik Sanajit Suraksha Yojna

Introduced in July 2001


Social security benefit for labourers who are  working in agriculture in the age group of 18 to 60 years.

Overall, poor families have been indentified for the benefits of the scheme.

12.Food Work Program

Introduced – February 2001


Ensuring food security by providing employed in Rural areas of 8 States: –

  1. Gujrat
  2. Chattisgarh
  3. Himachal Pradesh (HP)
  4. Madhya Pradesh (MP)
  5. Maharastra
  6. Odisha
  7.  Rajasthan
  8. Uttarakhand (UK)


Introduced – April 1, 2000

Cost Sharing – 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme


Providing food security at Rs. 2/- per kg of wheat and Rs. 3/- per Kg Rice for poor people.

  1. Shiksha Sohyog Yojna


Ensuring educational allowance of Rs. 100 per mouth for children below poverty line from 9th to 12th standard.

Poverty Ratio in India

  1. Number of Poor in India – 260 Million (26.1%)
  2. Urban Poor People – 67.1 Million (23.6%)
  3. Rural Poor People – 193.2 Million (27.1 %)