Public administration has its basis in Bureaucratic set up which includes a number of factors like:-
- Manpower Management
- Personnel Management
- Labour Welfare
- Retirement etc.
Encyclopaedia of Britannica says, “Bureaucracy is a body of professional, full time officials employed in the civil affairs of a state in non-political capacity. Bureaucracy is considered to be the body of official which is professionally skilled, technically trained and paid for their hard work. These are professional administrators and are neutral, non-biased and impartial in approach. They have their own work experience. Bureaucracy is considered to be the guiding principles of democracy.
Types of Bureaucracy
There are four types of Bureaucracy in the world: –
- Guardian Bureaucracy – Here civil servants work as the guardian of justice and welfare of the country.
- Caste Bureaucracy – Here people get work accordingly to their caste. They work at affluent positions
- Patronise Bureaucracy – Political Bureaucracy leads to spoiling system.
- Merit Bureaucracy – Challenge is thrown open for qualified candidate merit.
Bureaucratic morality are those moral norms which need to be followed by every person aspiring become Bureaucratic.
- National Interest
- Impartial Attitude
- Non – Partisan
- Non – Corruption
- Dedication to duty
- Knowledge of Public Sense
- Fair Approach
- Clear Concept
- Knowledge of rules
- Following Regulations
- Skill Development
- Personal Structure
- Knowing Organisational studies
- Non-Personal Involvement
Bureaucracy always has a positive dimension. This is the core context that make the working and functioning of an organisation most efficient, specialised approach, rational approach and democratic setup. The work load should not be an obstruction in the development process of the country. The tendency of cooperativeness should underline the developmental process. Laski observes, “Bureaucracy is a system of government the control of which is so completely in the hands of officials that their power jeopardises the liberties of ordinary citizens.
Parliamentary democracy has its basis and foundation in the hands of Bureaucratic officials. The action of these civil bureaucratic servants laid the implementation basis of the policies formed by the executive and legislature of a democratic set up.